Asian Journal of Physics Vol 30, No 12 (2021) 1647-1652

Nonlinear optical properties of carbon nanoparticles in sol-gel composites studied by optical and photoacoustic Zscan techniques

I M Kislyakov1, I M Belousova1, S K Evstrop’ev1, T D Murav’eva1, and C S Yelleswarapu2
1S I Vavilov State Optical Institute, Kadetskaya line 5/2, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia
2Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Blvd, Boston, MA 02125, USA

The paper is dedicated to Prof D V G L N Rao

The paper presents optical and photoacoustic Z-scan studies of polymer composites containing fullerene and onion-like Astralen nanoparticles in comparison with their liquid suspensions. Effective nonlinear absorption coefficients obtained from the study manifest a change in nonlinear mechanisms resulting from the liquid-to-solid matrix transition, which give grounds to assert promising prospects of these materials as limiters of laser irradiation. © Anita Publications. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Optical limiting, Z-scan, Photoacoustic Z-scan, Fullerene, Astralen, Polymer matrix, Nanocomposite.

Peer Review Information
Method: Single- anonymous; Screened for Plagiarism? Yes
Buy this Article in Print © Anita Publications. All rights reserve


  1. Couris S, Koudoumas E, Rutht A A, Leach S, Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution, J Phys B: At Mol Opt Phys, 28(1995)4537–4554.
  2. Rao S V, Rao D N, Akkara J A, DeCristofano B S, Rao D V G L N, Dispersion studies of nonlinear absorption in C60 using Z-scan, Chem Phys Lett, 297(1998)491–498.
  3. Chen Y, Bai T, Dong N, Fan F, Zhang S, Zhuang X, Sun J, Zhang B, Zhang X, Wang J, Blau W J, Graphene and its derivatives for laser protection, Prog Mater Sci, 84(2016)118–157.
  4. Yamashita S, Nonlinear optics in carbon nanotube, graphene, and related 2D materials, APL Photonics, 4(2019) 034301;
  5. Kislyakov I M, Arutyunyan N R, Obraztsova E D, Sheiko I S, Povarov S A, Venediktova A V, Yelleswarapu C S, Nonlinear optical studies of SWCNT+ coproporphyrin III hybrid systems. In Advanced Materials Research, (Trans Tech Publications Ltd), 818(2013)132–136.
  6. Vivien L, Lancon P, Riehl D, Hache F, Anglaret E, Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting. Carbon, 40(2002) 1789–1797.
  7. Venediktova A V, Vlasov A Y, Obraztsova E D, Videnichev D A, Kislyakov I M, Sokolova E P, Stability and optical limiting properties of a single wall carbon nanotubes dispersion in a binary water-glycerol solvent, Appl Phys Lett, 100(2012)251903; org/10.1063/1.4729790.
  8. Zidan M D, Allaf A W, Allahham A, Al-Zier A, Investigation of optical nonlinearity of C-60 doped acetylenedicarboxylic acid polymer, Opt Laser Technol, 68(2015)60–66.
  9. Nikolaeva A L, Vlasov A Y, Kislyakov I M, Elokhovskiy V Y, Zorin I M, Povarov S A, Nano-carbon in a hydrogel matrix for nonlinear optical applications, Opt Mater, 66(2017)338–343.
  10. Hussain S A, Comparison of graphene and carbon nanotube saturable absorbers for wavelength and pulse duration tunability, Sci Rep, 9(2019)17282;
  11. Shames A I, Katz E A, Panich A M, Mogilyansky D, Mogilko E, Grinblat J, Belousov V P, Belousova I M, Ponomarev A N, Structural and magnetic resonance study of astralen nanoparticles, Diamond Relat Mater, 18(2009)505–510.
  12. Van Stryland E W, Sheik-Bahae M, Z-Scan,/ Characterization Techniques and Tabulations for Organic Nonlinear Materials, (eds) Kuzyk M G, Dirk C W, (Marcel Dekker Inc.),1998, 655–692.
  13. Yelleswarapu C S, Kothapalli S-R, Nonlinear photoacoustics for measuring the nonlinear optical absorption coefficient, Opt Express, 18(2010) 9020–9025.
  14. Yelleswarapu C S, Kothapalli S R, Rao D V, Photoacoustic Z-scan for the measurement of third-order nonlinear absorption coefficient, In Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications X 2011, (Vol. 7917, p. 79171I), International Society for Optics and Photonics.
  15. Ganeev R A, Ryasnyansky A I, Redkorechev V I, Fostiropoulos K, Priebed G, Usmanov T, Variations of nonlinear optical characteristics of C60 thin films at 532 nm, Opt Commun, 225(2003)131–139.
  16. Kislyakov I M, Yelleswarapu C S, Nonlinear scattering studies of carbon black suspensions using photoacoustic Z-scan technique, Appl Phys Lett, 103(2013)151104;