Asian Journal of Physics Vol 30, No 12 (2021) 1637-1646

Wavelength dependent cubic nanoparticles formation on copper surfaces by femtosecond laser irradiation

Md Abu Taher, D Narayana Rao, and Sri Ram G Naraharisetty
School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad-500 046, India
The paper is dedicated to Prof D V G L N Rao

The effect of changing the incident laser wavelength on the surface morphology is shown via femtosecond laser direct writing on a copper surface. For the first time in the literature, we demonstrated the formation of the cubic-shaped nanoparticles (NPs) on the laser-irradiated copper surface at the incident wavelength of 860 nm. We observed the formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) are favorable over a broad range of laser fluences at 900 nm irradiation wavelength. We presented the variation of low spatial frequency LIPSS (LSFL) periodicity with the change of the fluence. We did not observe clear LIPSS formation at 960 nm irradiation on the copper surface out of the four wavelengths used. The energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopic analysis on the cubic nanostructures reveals the presence of oxygen on the copper surface. The specific copper oxygen composite formation can be achieved at 860nm. © Anita Publications. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS), Low spatial frequency LIPSS, Copper nanoparticles, Cubic-shaped nanoparticles, Laser direct Writing.

Peer Review Information
Method: Single- anonymous; Screened for Plagiarism? Yes
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