Asian Journal of Physics Vol. 30 Nos 8 & 9 (2021) 1329-1338

Polarization resolved nonlinear optical microscopy – A review

Naveen Kumar Balla1, Spandana K U2, and Nirmal Mazumder2


Nonlinear optical scattering processes like second harmonic generation (SHG), third harmonic generation (THG), and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) etc. have been extensively used to study surface and bulk properties of a wide variety of samples. In addition, to provide a clear spectral contrast over an often dark background, these scattering processes convey more information about the local structure of the sample which is otherwise only accessible by other complicated and often invasive analytical tools like electronic microscopy for example. Polarization property of the signal provides additional contrast to the above mentioned techniques including Stokes polarimetry. We discuss the polarization properties in nonlinear optical microscopy and its application in various samples. © Anita Publications. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Second harmonic generation (SHG), Third harmonic generation (THG), Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS), Nonlinear optics, Polarization.

Peer Review Information
Method: Single- anonymous; Screened for Plagiarism? Yes
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