An International Peer Reviewed Research Journal
Frequency : Monthly,
ISSN : 0971 – 3093
Editor-In-Chief (Hon.) :
Dr. V.K. Rastogi
e-mail:[email protected]
[email protected]

 AJP ISSN : 0971 – 3093
Vol 31, Nos 11-12, November-December, 2022

Journal of Physics

Volume 31 Nos 11-12 November-December, 2022

A Special Issue in Honour
Prof P P Banerjee
to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the seminal research work by
E. Leith and J. Upatnieks (USA) and Yuri Denisyuk (former USSR).

Guest Edited By : Kehar Singh and Naveen K Nishchal

Anita Publications
FF-43, 1st Floor, Mangal Bazar, Laxmi Nagar, Delhi-110 092, India

About Prof Partha P Banerjee

Dr. Partha P. Banerjee is Professor of the Department of Electro-Optics and Photonics (EOP), where he was Chair from 2012-2020, and Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) where he was Chair from 2000-2005. Prior to UD, he was with the University of Alabama in Huntsville from 1991-2000, and with Syracuse University from 1984-1991. His research interests include digital and dynamic holography, photorefractives, optical and acoustic metamaterials, nonlinear optics and acoustics, computational electromagnetics, and optical trapping. Most recently, his work on fingerprint holography, jointly with Penn State, was funded by the Department of Homeland Security. Also, along with Penn State, he also recently received a NSF IRES award for developing a national scientific workforce to design and manufacture next-generation display products in the United States. He is Fellow of Optical Society of America (OSA), International Society of Photonics Engineers (SPIE) and the Institute of Physics (FInstP), and senior member of Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). He received the NSF Young Investigator Award in 1987. In recognition of his work on holography, he received the International Holoknight Award in 2019.
At UD, Dr Banerjee has established the Holography and Metamaterials (HaM) lab where he leads a research group comprising a research scientist, 6 Ph D students and 5 MS students. He has chaired/co-chaired the OSA international meeting on Digital Holography and 3D Imaging in 2010, 2016, 2019, and 2021, co-edited feature issues on Digital Holography and 3D Imaging multiple years in Appl Opt and JOSA A/B, and was Topical Editor for Appl Opt from 2012-2016. He was also Chair of the OSA Environmental Monitoring Committee from 2014-2016. Dr Banerjee also works closely with the Materials Directorate at the Air Force Research Labs, WPAFB in the area of photorefractive materials, metallo-dielectric structures, and liquid crystals, and with the Sensors Directorate in the area of LIDAR and digital holography. He has been summer faculty at AFRL for the last 17 years.
Over the last 10 years, he has been awarded grants and contracts over $4M. To date, Dr. Banerjee has published 6 textbooks, 150 refereed journal papers, and over 175 conference papers/ presentations, and holds 1 patent. He has supervised 28 PhD dissertations and 19 MS theses. He has coordinated the change of the Electro-optics program to the Department of Electro-Optics and Photonics at the University of Dayton, started new graduate programs with Huazong University of Science and Technology, the leading optics related university in China, and with the Center of Investigation in Optics, Mexico, and initiated a new crystal growth facility in the department.
Recent relevant publications:
B Bordbar, H Zhou, P P Banerjee, 3D object recognition through processing of 2D holograms, Appl Opt, 58, G197-G203 (2019).
H Zhou, X Sui, L Cao, P P Banerjee, Digital correlation of computer-generated holograms for 3D face recognition, Appl Opt, 58, G177-G186(2019).
A K Gupta, N K Nishchal, P P Banerjee, Transport of intensity equation based photon-counting phase imaging, OSA Continuum, 3, 236-245 (2020).
H Zhou, E Stoykova, M Hussain, P P Banerjee, Performance analysis of phase retrieval using transport of intensity with digital holography [Invited], Appl Opt, 60, A73-A83(2021).
H Zhou, M Hussian, P P Banerjee, A review of the dual-wavelength technique for phase imaging and 3D topography, Light: Advanced Manufacturing, 3, 314-334(2022).

About About Guest Editors

Professor Kehar Singh served as a member of the faculty at IIT Delhi since 1965 in various capacities. He was an ‘Academic Visitor’ at Imperial College of Science & Technology, London during 1969-1970, and visited / carried out research for short periods at British Scientific and Industrial Research Association (SIRA) Ealing, Queen’s University Belfast, and National Physical Laboratory Teddington. He had been a Professor since January 1984 and served as Head of Physics Departmrnt during the period 1996-1999. Prof. Singh held the position of Dean, Post Graduate Studies and Research, IIT Delhi during the period of March 2001-Aug. 2003. He served as CLUSTER Chair at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne (Switzerland) in Dec.2002. Until June 30 2011, he served as an Emeritus Professor at IIT Delhi where he continued to teach and carry out research and consultancy. Presently, he is Hony. Professor in the ‘Optics and Photonics Center’ IIT Delhi where he interacts and collaborates with faculty and students.
Since 2011, he has also been Hony. Distinguished Research Professor at ITM (now NorthCap) University, Gurgaon (Haryana) where he mentors a group of faculty members and supervises research in the areas of Information Security, Singular Optics, and Nanophotonics. Prof. Singh served for a number of years as Chairman of the Research Council, IRDE (Defense Research & Development Organization) Dehradun, India and a member of the Cluster Advisory Council for a group of DRDO laboratories. He also served as a Member of the Research Council of National Physical Laboratory New Delhi, India. In May 2015, he was nominated as an Associate Editor of Optics Express, a high impact factor journal of the Optical Society of America (OSA), and served for two terms until May 2021.
Prof. Kehar Singh has been an active researcher and educator and created infrastructural facilities for teaching and research in his areas of specialization: Photonics/Information Optics (Image formation and evaluation, Dynamic holography, Nonlinear photorefractives, Optical correlators, Holographic storage, Digital holography, Singular optics, and Optical cryptography). He has published extensively, having authored / co-authored nearly 350 peer reviewed research papers. Besides these there are approx. 75 review articles in books and journals, and 70 papers in conference proceedings. His research papers have been cited extensively in the literature; one of the papers having been cited (google scholar) 1235 times as on Dec.01, 2022, total number of citations being 6865, and h-index and i10-index being respectively, 38 and 134.
Research publications by Prof. Singh and coworkers during the period 1965-1985 resulted in 11 Ph.D. theses. Since 1986, 20 students have completed Ph.D. degree under the supervision of Prof. Singh. Besides these, 75 Master of Technology and M.Sc. students have been guided in their dissertation work. He had been the backbone of the M. Tech. program in Applied Optics at IIT Delhi ever since it started in 1966. This program has produced many scientists who occupy /occupied key positions in India and abroad.
Professor Kehar Singh was honored with Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in Physical Sciences in 1985 by the CSIR, Govt. of India. He has been awarded in 2001, the Galileo Galilei Award of the International Commission on Optics. The Optical Society of India honored him with the ‘OSI Award’ and was also given ‘Life Time Achievement Award’ at the OSI Symp. held at Tezpur in Dec.2007. The Golden Jubilee ‘Distinguished Service Award’ of IIT Delhi was given to him 2011. Prof. Singh was also honored in 2011, under the Golden Jubilee ‘Honor the Mentor’ program’ of IIT Delhi, India. Prof Singh is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America (now OPTICA), SPIE (The International Society for Optical Engineering), and Indian National Academy of Engineering, in addition to being a Distinguished Fellow of the Optical Society of India and a Fellow of the Laser & Spectroscopy Society of India. He was President of the Optical Society of India (1991-1994) and its Vice-President (1988-1991). He also served as the President of ‘Laser and Spectroscopy Society’ of India and was President, Indian Science Congress Association (Physical Sciences Section) in 2004. Prof. Singh had been an international advisory member of the editorial board of Optical Review (Japan, 1994-2010), Member of the editorial boards of Optics & Lasers in Eng. (Elsevier, 1999 – 2006), and an editorial member of Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. (CSIR.1986-88). During the period (2015-2021) he served as an Associate Editor of Optics Express. Currently he is on the editorial boards of Computer Optics (Russia), J. Optics (India/Springer,1974- to date), Asian J. Phys. (1992- to date). and Invertis J. Science and Technol (2007- ).
Prof. Singh has been serving as a reviewer of research papers for several journals of repute. He has given approx. 110 invited lectures in various international and national conferences/seminars/workshops and has also been associated as member of organizing/technical/steering committees of several international and national conferences/seminars/ workshops. He has visited U.K, France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Canada, USA, Mexico, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, and Indonesia for delivering lectures in conferences/chairing conference sessions and for interacting with scientists. He was one of the Directors of the II Winter College in Optics held at ICTP, Trieste, Italy during Feb-March, 1995, and delivered three lectures on ‘Photorefractives; Theory, materials, and devices’. Most recently Prof. Singh delivered a plenary lecture (on line) in the ‘Digital singular optics 2021’conference (6-10 Sept.2021) at the Crimean Federal University, Yalta (Russia). Another plenary was delivered (on-line) at the international conference on ‘Information technology and Nanotechnology) in Samara (Russia) held during Sept.20-24,2021 and an invited lecture at ITNT on May 26, 2022 in Samara.
Professor Singh’s research work attracted funding for sponsored research in the field of Optics and Photonics from a number of Govt. agencies such as Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Human Resource Development, and Defense Research and Development Organization. He has served on many committees of the Govt. of India (e.g. Environmental Impact Assessment Committee, Ministry of Environment and Forests) and has been a consultant to some industries.
As Technical chair of the International Conference on ‘Optics and Optoelectronics’ (Dehradun India, Dec. 1998) Prof. Singh co-edited a two volume proceedings of the conference, and SPIE volume 3729, ‘Selected papers from International Conference on Optics and Optoelectronics’98 (Silver Jubilee Symposium of the Optical Society of India). He was Technical co-chair of the International conference on Optics and Opto-electronics (Dec. 2005 Dehradun), and Co-chair Advisory Committee of the OSI confer. held in Jan.2012 at IIT Delhi. He was Technical chair of OSI’s international conference held at GJ Univ.of Science &Technol. in Hisar (Nov.23-26, 2017), and Chair International Advisory Committee of Photonics-2018 held at IIT Delhi (Dec.12-15,2018). Prof Singh was also the Technical Chair and Chair International Advisory Committee of the International Conference on Optics and Electro-optics held at IRDE Dehradun (Oct.19-22,2019). Proceedings of the conference have been published by Springer.
Professor Singh has edited / co-edited 2 special issues on ‘Photorefractives and their applications’ of J. Optics (India), 4 issues on ‘Optical pattern recognition’ and ‘Optical information security’ of Asian J. Physics, and a book on ‘Perspectives in Engineering Optics’. A number of special issues of Asian J. Phys. have been guest edited by him; the most recent ones being in honor of Profesors Francis Yu, Colin Sheppard, and Pramod Rastogi. Two more special issues being edited by him are also in progress. A book brought out by IIT Delhi, containing memoirs of some of the ‘Golden Jubilee Distinguished Award’ winner retired faculty members of IIT Delhi, has also been edited by Prof Singh.
Prof Singh has also served as a member/chair of several national committees of the MHRD, CSIR, ISRO, DRDO, DST, and INAE. Besides having served as a consultant to some industries/organizations, he has also been a consultant on security holograms to some state Govts. in India. He served as a member of the Executive Committee, National Photonics Program DRDO, and is a member of the Academic Advisory Council, NorthCap University Gurugram. He served as a member of the Board of Governors of Regional Engineering college Kurukshetra, and of ‘Academic advisory councils’, ‘Board of Studies’ and ‘Research degree committees’ of several universities, and as an invited Senate member of National Institute of Technology Agartala (Tripura).
e-mail IDs: [email protected]; [email protected]

Dr Naveen Nishchal is a Professor in the department of physics at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Patna. Dr. Nishchal received his Ph.D. degree in physics from IIT Delhi in 2005. He served Instruments Research and Development Establishment (DRDO), Dehradun as a Scientist ‘C’ during 2004-2007. Further, he joined IIT Guwahati as an assistant professor in the physics department and worked during 2007-2008. He has been a Researcher to the Oulu Southern Institute, University of Oulu, Finland and academic visitor to the department of physics, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China. His research interests include optical information processing and security, digital holography, correlation-based optical pattern recognition, fractional Fourier transform-based signal processing, interferometry, and orbital angular momentum of light. He has authored/co-authored 70 peer-reviewed international journal papers, three book chapters, and 160 papers in various conferences/seminars/symposia. He has authored a monograph Optical Cryptosystems published from IOP Publs., Bristol, UK, 2019.
He became senior member of OSA and SPIE in 2015. He is a life member of Optical Society of India, Indian Science Congress Association, and Lasers and Spectroscopy Society of India. He is a member of Executive Council of Optical Society of India since 2018. He is an active reviewer to the journals published from OSA, SPIE, Elsevier, Springer, IEEE, IEE, IOP, CSIR, Hindawi Publs, and MDPI-online. Dr. Nishchal was selected as outstanding reviewer for the year 2016 for the journal of optics from IOP, UK.
He has supervised four Ph D theses and currently four research scholars are pursuing doctoral program under his guidance. He has successfully carried out research and development projects sponsored from CSIR and DRDO. He has been the Director of a winter school on Modern Optics and its Applications organized at IIT Patna in Dec 2015 fully sponsored by Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India. He organized a conference on “Recent Advances in Information Optics & Quantum Optics (IOQO-2014)” at IIT Patna during Nov. 07-08, 2014. He has been a member of technical program committee/advisory committee/organizing committee of several conferences/seminars/workshops within India and abroad.
Currently, he is an Associate Editor of Optical Engineering (SPIE, USA) and Editor of Asian Journal of Physics (India). He served as an academic editor to the scientific world journal: signal processing during 2013-2016. Dr Nishchal received the India Top Cited Author Award-2019 as an author of one of the top 1% most-cited papers in physics published over the period of 2016-2018 by IOP Publs., UK. Recently, his name appeared in world’s top 2% scientists list in optics published by Stanford University, USA (PLOS Biology, Oct 2020). As per Google Scholar, Dr Nishchal has more than 3346 citations to his credit. His h-index is 32 and i-10 index is 66.


Asian Journal of Physics
(A Publication Not for Profit)
Volume 31, Nos 11 & 12 (2022)



Diffraction in a volume hologram made simple
Ching-Cherng Sun, Chih-Yuan Cheng and Yeh-Wei Yu1019

Digital refocusing of images recorded with white light using Lucy-Richardson-Rosen algorithm
P A Praveen, A Bleahu, F G Arockiaraj, S Gopinath, D Smith, S H Ng, A S J F Rajeswary, Saulius Juodkazis and Vijayakumar Anand1027

Photorefractive effects in smectic liquid crystals and their application to laser ultrasonics
Takeo Sasaki, Toshinobu Takashi, Gouta Ikeda, Junko Watanabe, Miku Nagaoka, Shinnosuke Yamazaki, Yukihiro Ishii, Khoa Van Le, and Yumiko Naka1035

Chemosensitivity testing of revived fresh-frozen biopsies using digital speckle holography
Zhen Hua, John Turek, Mike Childress, and David Nolte1045

Particle localization in lens-less digital inline holography using circular Hough transform
RHarshal Chaudhari, Deep Arya, Rishikesh Kulkarni and Pramod Rastogi1055

Imaging through scattering media based on the optical memory effect
Yunxiang Yang, Shanshan Zheng, Siteng Li, and Guohai Situ 1063

Phase recovery in ghost diffraction
Manisha and Rakesh Kumar Singh1073

Three-dimensional object classification and regression using deep learning and machine learning algorithms applied to complex object wave information retrieved from digital holograms
Uma Mahesh R N and Anith Nelleri1085

Dynamic holographic displays: a review
Sonali Chakrabarty, Bhargab Das and Raj Kumar1095

Combining digital holography and transport of intensity equation for quantitative phase imaging: a review
Ram Kumar, Naveen K Nishchal and Kehar Singh1117